Occupational Health Safety Management in Manufacturing Industries – Article Review

Zubar, H. A., Visagavel, K., Raja, V. D., & Mohan, A. (2014).Occupational health safety management in manufacturing industries.Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research, 73, 381-386 – Safety Related Article Review

Introduction

This is a research articles that focuses on evaluating the occupational health and safety in the South India manufacturing industries. The article manages this by collecting information on accident statistics, health management, welfare facilities, safety management, training and leadership, motivation, administration and organization, policy, hazard control, and reporting, statistics, and monitoring and also in risk analysis. The data used in the article was gathered by use of questionnaires that were created in management system of health and safety. The article analyses the gathered data by use of D&S and graphic method. The general research outcome demonstrates that the performance of the management system health and safety requires improvement so as to ensure that a better workers working condition is attained. The article has a standard structure for a research paper which involves the abstract giving the paper brief including the research aim, research procedure and the outcome. It also has an introduction which gives brief background information, the literature review section where previous research work is reviewed to give a good foundation to the current research. It also has the methodology part that gives detail information on how the research will be conducted, the results and analysis part where the research findings are displayed and discussed and finally the conclusion.

Article Key Points

The article insists on the importance of creating a safety culture in an organization. According to the authors, extremely steady and slow efforts are required for the establishment and development of safety culture. This means that a company cannot just embrace safety culture by introducing rules, more needs to be done to ensure that workers embrace the safety rules and make them part of their daily operations. Once the safety rules are integrated in the daily procedures and once the workers give safety measure a higher priority in their daily operations, then, an organization can be said to have adapted a safety culture. The article also insists that most enterprises have failed in nurturing occupational health and safety. This according to the article should be the work of the management. The organization management should take the initiative of not just following the defined governmental rules governing workers health and safety, but should also take the role of creating and implementing the risk valuation scheme so as to be able to overcome defects and limitations in industrial health and safety act. This will play a great role in helping the government in the development of advanced health and safety industrial policy.

The article also stresses that safety-related behaviors and risk perception contains a close association and they may to some level contain association to towards safety attributes. According to the authors, risk perception might influence the behavior of risk taking. This demonstrates the important of creating a perception that focuses on minimizing risk rather than propagating it. This way, an organization can manage to create a safe work environment where every worker is concerned not just of the personal safety but also the safety of the rest in the organization. This is especially important in manufacturing industry where the occupational risk is considerably high compared to other areas as a result of movable machines and heavy materials to carry among other things.

Article Correlation with the Text Book

The article demonstrates the importance of creating safety culture as a way of promoting occupational safety and health. This is an aspect that is highly advocated for in the test book. Similar to the article, the text perceive safety culture as one of the most effective strategies that an organization can employ to enhance health and safety sustainability in an organization. The paper also points out on the role of the management in enhancing safety and culture. The text also acknowledges that effective application of safety measure in an organization can never be successful without the involvement of the management. Management play a great role in defining the organization policies, design the right safety schemes to employ and implementing penalty measures for those who tend to compromise on the safety measures. This means, it is considerably hard for an organization to effectively implement safety measures without complete involvement of its management. This aspect is highly supported by the text book and the article.

Summary of the Conclusion

The article research established that the Indian organizations lack suitable occupational safety and health management system suitable to enhance the level of health and safety in their industrial companies. Thus the paper concludes that the organizations are in great need of maintaining and implementing a good management and safety system to guarantee safety and health to employees and to improve standards of safety in the manufacturing sectors. The paper also concludes that the committed is needed from the top management level in enhancing the current conditions in their companies. Safety is very essential in organization and especially in the manufacturing companies. Thus, in my opinion, management of these organizations should employ all possible effort to implement safety which would include effective communication with the workers. They should also foster safety culture by creating safety policies to be implemented by all in the organization without any form of discrimination.

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