What challenges did China encounter between the two world wars, and what solutions did the Nationalists and the Communists propose to resolve them?
China was a divided nation in the period between the two world wars. The country was split into territories that included the Nationalist Party, the warlord party, foreign control, and the Chinese Communist Party. The territories were conflicting on various diplomatic matters in the country, with the warlord government enacting laws opposed by patriots in the country, for instance, the removal of Shandong to Chinese rule. The country was experiencing governance issues, with warlords dominating the country’s government and imposing unfavorable laws. There were other issues and economic problems in the country (Duiker & Spielvogel, 2018).
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The warlord government changes and form of governance initiated a rebellious movement among the people. There was also cooperation between the warlord and foreign governments with an interest in controlling China’s economy and the government, particularly Japan wanted China to be its protectorate. By 1920, the country almost had no central authority. Two competing political forces, National Party and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) after Lenin’s strategy (Duiker, 2020).
To solve the country’s issue, the two major political parties National Party and CCP decided to form an alliance or unite to create a stronger force to address the upcoming issues. This made it possible to unify the country that was divided making it easy to form a general conclusion or unified stand regarding the country’s matters. The two parties’ alliance managed to take China through a revolution that helped them fight against the warlord. The revolution also focused on fighting the demands of peasant farmers and land revolutions. The alliance played a great role in fighting against the Chinese warlords and foreigners and rebuilding the country (Duiker & Spielvogel, 2015).