Flooding is a hazard that affects most parts of the world, and it usually leaves behind its wake a lot of destruction. The destruction may be damaged houses or infrastructure and the death of livestock and human beings. Floods are can, therefore, be classified as natural hazards that are initiated by the force of nature. The planning committee will involve the local leaders, especially county leaders who are attached to the water section, environment, disaster prevention and FEMA. Floods can be mitigated
Mitigation is important in lessening the effects of floods because one cannot wish away floods. Floods are an occurrence that are sometimes hard to predict and even prevent. The only option for floods is to act on their effects and lessen the impacts (Bubeck et al., 2012). Governments have tried as much as possible to lessen the gravity of floods. Weather forecasts have been used largely in determining whether floods will occur or not. Though some of the predictions by weather forecasts may not be accurate, they may provide a window, where people can get to safe areas and, therefore, be safe even as the floods takes place. The increase in technology has given weather forecast more accuracy, and thereof people can be warned earlier and thus prevent loss of life and extreme damage to property. Governments should thus focus on dealing with the floods and ensure that property is not damaged the year in or the year out by coming up with measures that will help reduce the damage caused by the floods even if it means relocating communities to safer grounds or helping the communities build houses that can adapt to flood conditions. Therefore, a lot of research should be carried out to come up with methods that will help increase protection of the people in flood-prone areas.
Planning Committee Members
The stakeholders will thus include government ministries involved with both at the local and state level. Flood prone communities are another part of stakeholders that would help in contributing their predicament over time and how they have been keeping safe or how the floods have affected them over time. Other communities in the flood basin, especially those who are upstream can determine the various effects of floods downstream and, therefore, should be included. Scientific instruction should be included to improve on decision making especially through research to help deal with the flood mitigation. The non-governmental organization will help especially at the local level by dissemination the necessary information and increasing awareness of floods in the affected communities. Furthermore, voluntary organizations help in providing help during emergency operations that help in response and recovery after the flood has occurred. The private sectors help greatly since the floods may affect their business operations.
Components of the Plan
The plan involves the strategies that are going to be implemented at the community level that help in reducing the death, trauma and injury. A good plan comes up with various responses to the flood that will help find out the necessary solutions to be used to mitigate the effects of the flood. A flood mitigation plan ensures that there a speedier recovery, more efficient and more effective response, and a quicker solution to the flood problems. The components of the mitigation plan are going to include risk analysis, vulnerability assessment, system recommendations, zoning and planning, objectives of the plan, outreach and education, emergency services, funding, plan monitoring, infrastructure, and goals.
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