Human Dignity Annotated Bibliography

Lee, Patrick, & George, Robert P. (2008). The Nature and Basis of Human Dignity. Ratio Juris. 97. Retrieved from–ratio_juris.pdf

The paper profoundly explains the nature of human dignity. The authors attempted in this paper to provide justification for the view that, all human beings have some kind of worth just because of being “human beings,” and opposes the claim that man become higher or lower on the basis of the additional position they achieve. They go on to explain the moral question of how men are to be distinguished from other living creatures. Patrick Lee is a professor at the Institute of Bioethics, Franciscan University of Steubenville; and Robert P. George is a professor of Jurisprudence at Princeton University. The paper they presented provides a handful of resource for a human dignity researcher.

McCrudden, Christopher (2008). Human Dignity and Judicial Interpretation of Human Rights. The European Journal of International Law. 19. Retrieved from

In this paper, the author presents an overall analytical description of human dignity. The paper begins with a brief historical overview of how the concept of human dignity emerged in human intellect and how it gradually developed throughout the long lineage of philosophical and political debate. The following chapter includes a summary of the charters, declarations and national constitutions that include the ideology of human dignity as core value. The writer’s main intention with this paper was to analyze the application of the concept of human dignity in judicial system worldwide. Christopher McCrudden is a practicing barrister-at-law at Blackstone Chambers and a professor of human rights and equality law at Queens University Belfast. A specialized law professional, he authored several famed human right oriented books from Oxford University Press. His proficiency may be well understood by carefully examining the cited paper. This paper is precious resource for the researchers on human dignity.

Novak, Michael (1999). Human Dignity, Human Rights. First Things. 97. Retrieved from

The article gives a critical analysis about the relationship of the principle of human dignity with the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. During and after the Second World War, the world was divided primarily into two segments; communist block and capitalist block. The unification of human race under some common, universally accepted values was a crying need. The paper explains this process of unification in a critical and analytical way.The paper was presented by the author, Michael Novak, on the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Beirut, Lebanon. He holds the George Frederick Jewett Chair in Religion and Public Policy at the American Enterprise Institute. It is an extremely useful material for human dignity-oriented researches.

Riley, Stephen, & Bos, Gerhard (n.d.). Human Dignity. In Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from

The article explores the concept of human dignity in a distinctive way. Beginning with a brief introduction to the idea of human dignity, the article goes on to explain how the perspective of study differs the meaning of human dignity. It explains human dignity from ethical, jurisdictional and political points of view and shows the way through which these perspectives can be intermingled. Both authors, Riley and Bos, are professors at Utrecht University, Netherlands. This article is a useful resource for understanding the concept of human dignity from a comparative perspective.

United Nations. (1948). Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is one of the most important documents of today’s international system. The declaration includes basic principles related to fundamental rights of human beings in almost all aspects of life. Incorporating the idea of human dignity as basic principle, the declaration has been designed. It is a significant document to understanding the incorporation of the philosophical idea of human dignity into legal and practical ethics.The drafting of the declaration was headed by John Humphrey, the Director of the UN Secretariat’s Division for the Human Rights, with the assistance of the UN Secretariat. This document is a must-read for understanding how human dignity functions in our lives.

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