They are varied methods, or strategies, via which penology can be employed in enhancing the criminal justice system (CJS) outcomes (Scott, 2008). The outcomes include fewer recurring crimes, reduction of crime levels, and decimation of number of the ones who are incarcerated for specific crimes. The methods are probation, offender training, community service, and the imposition of mulcts, or fines, on offenders according to Clear (1994) and Scott (2008).
Probation entails the rehabilitation of those who breach the applicable laws and conventions. It is rather effective in enhancing the outcomes since rehabilitated offenders have markedly reduced persuasions towards re-engaging in crime. The offenders are less likely to be involved in the CJS again, hence freeing up its resources. Offenders who are on probation are helped in solving their social, as well as psychological, problems, reducing their likelihood of re-engaging in criminal exploits.
Offender training, or penitentiary science, is rather effective in enhancing the outcomes since it support their rehabilitation via training. Penitentiaries are facilities in which offenders are held for purposes of reforming their conducts, imprisonment, or punishing according to Scott (2008). The offenders are taken through reformatory discipline regimes according to Clear (1994) and Scott (2008). That markedly reduces their persuasions towards re-engaging in crime (Sharma, 1998).
When judges sentence offenders to given community service, he or she helps the CJS improve by way of ensuring that prisons are not overcrowded. Community service helps significantly in reducing the recurrence of given crimes, reducing crime levels, and decimating the number of the ones incarcerated for specific crimes. It helps reduce the development of career criminals (Scott, 2008). Fines help significantly in reducing the recurrence of given crimes, reducing crime levels, and decimating the number of the ones incarcerated for specific crimes as well.
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