My ideal Frankenstein’s monster would certainly be one that is able to maintain and regulate autonomic function, receive and process sensory information, generate and control movement, produce and understand speech as well as possess cognitive ability. To achieve these functions, I would theoretically use the cerebral cortex, the basal ganglia, the brainstem, the diencephalon and the cerebellum. The generation and control of movement would be the function of the cerebral cortex through the motor cortex while the coordination of these movements would be function of the cerebellum and basal ganglia (Hall, 2011). By involving the basal ganglia and the cerebral cortex the functions of the extrapyramidal system would obviously be initiated. To receive and process sensory information I would require the cerebral cortex specifically the sensory cortex to process information received through cranial nerves originating from the brainstem.
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The brainstem would also house the medulla oblongata and pons with which my monster would be able to regulate heart rate, blood pressure and breathing (Hall, 2011). I would also require the diencephalon which houses the hypothalamus in order to control circadian rhythm, regulate autonomic nervous system, control fluid and food intake and regulate the neuroendocrine system (Squire, 2013). The prefrontal cortex would ensure the cognitive function, inhibitory control and the maintenance of working memory. The cerebral cortex would naturally contain the Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas that would ensure the production and understanding of speech respectively (Hall, 2011).
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I would utilize the neurotransmitter acetylcholine for muscle activation and as a transmitter for the sympathetic nervous system. Serotonin, to modulate cognition, reward recognition, learning, memory and physiological processes as well as to generate a feeling of wellbeing and happiness in my monster. I would also use glutamate for cognitive function and dopamine to generate reward motivation, motor control and hormonal release (Purves & Dale, 2011).
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