Substantive law refers to rules that define types of crime and prescribe appropriate sentencing guideline for those crimes. Example of substantive law is that which defines how contracts should be conducted. Procedural law refers to a set of rules that govern administrative, civil, and criminal proceedings in court. Example of procedural law is laid down rules that describe how court proceedings for a fraud case should be conducted (Arnold, 1932). According to Inbrief (2015), criminal law concerns crimes that have an impact on the general public. For examples, rules that have been laid down to govern felonies are criminal laws. On the contrary, civil law describes a body of laws that define how to file a lawsuit against crimes that affect individuals. For example, rules that describe how to file a lawsuit against a shop robber is a civil law.
Common law comprise of rules based on judgement made in the past by judges. Case laws are good examples of common law. Statutory law defines new laws that are issued by different government agencies. Written laws passed by state and federal governments are examples of statutory law (Anderlini, Felli and Riboni, 2008). The United States Constitution amendments that were implemented to protect the rights of businesses and organizations are the fifth and fourteenth Amendments. The fifth and fourteenth amendments of the United States constitution limit the power of the state and federal governments to discriminate citizens against ownership of organizations and employment practices respectively (Legal Information Institute, 1992). Those involved in Government Contracting must be conversant with substantive laws, procedural laws, criminal laws, civil laws, common laws, statutory laws, as well as the requirements of the fifth and fourteenth amendments.