Human Capital – UNICEF

The purpose of this paper is to elaborate on UNICEF’s human capital. UNICEF is a nonprofit humanitarian program having its headquarters based in New York City, was instituted by the United Nations General Assembly, which occurred on the eleventh of December, 1946 mainly with the aim of facilitating provision of substitute foodstuff and healthcare to kids in nations shattered by Second World War (Jolly, 2014). It became a lasting division of the United Nations Systems in 1953, where its name was edited from the existing United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund. It trusts on aids from governments, supports and private donors for its funds.

Majority of its workings are done in the field. It is exists in 190 nations and consists of country offices that convey its main mission through programs of mutual aid established with the specific governments. It also has regional offices that monitors the works and offers technical backing to national offices as required. The organizations general management and supervision is effected in its headquarters where children’s international policy is formed. Specified offices consist of supply division centered in Copenhagen, which offers important materials lifesaving vaccine dosages for kids in developing nations. The Innocenti Research Center in Florence and Offices of Japan that helps in fundraising and liaising with policy makers is also functioned by UNICEF (Jolly, 2014). It constitute 36 National Committees which apart from upholding the children rights, it generates funds, sells UNICEF’s acknowledgement cards and merchandises, and makes significant corporate and civic society partners. Check Out for Children is an example of campaigns conducted by National Committee in which visitors give a contribution to UNICEF through their apartment bills when leaving. Another example is Trick or Treat for UNICEF where children in the United States, Ireland, Mexico and Canada generate resources for UNICEF. It also consists of a 36 member Executive Board made up of governments agents that directs and monitors through formation of policies, approving programs and determining on managerial and monetary strategies and budgets.

United Nations General Assembly mandates UNICEF to campaign for the safeguarding of children’s rights, help them achieve the basic necessities and increase their chances of reaching their aspirations. It strives to support the health and wellbeing of all children, focusing more on the utmost vulnerable, those with infirmities and those living in insubstantial circumstances. Its main purpose is to cooperate with partners to eliminate the problems that insufficiency, viciousness, ailments and discriminations in a child’s pathway (Marsico, 2014). They emphasize on provision of good foundation to children since appropriate care at the earliest age leads to stronger foundation for a individual’s future. It endeavors to inaugurate children’s rights as permanent ideologies and global values of conduct to children. It aims to encourage the equal rights of women and girls and to back their full involvement in the social, political, and economic expansion of their societies, through its country programs.

UNICEF supports the rights of a child Convention, takes part in the Millennium Development Goals, and supports the development pledged in the United Nations Charter. While striving for peace and security, it ensures that everyone is held responsible to the assurances made for kids (Marsico, 2014). It ensures that all children and mothers access the HIV prevention measures, treatment, precautions and support services. It also supports provision of value education and child-friendly training, and putting more emphasis on girl child education and gender impartiality.

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