The world is in major transformation in various areas including skill, expertise, knowledge, economy, and strategies to attack the enemy. The United States Intelligence Community becomes successful if it is able to gain proper insights to specific threats before they can cause harm to the country. Today, there are a number of challenges facing the United States Intelligence community such as reduced budgets. It is anticipated that this body will continue to face even more serious challenges in the next decade (Erwin et al. 2012, 1).
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In 2009, the White House published new strategies that the United States Intelligence Community would deploy to counter biological threats following a prediction that biological weapons will be used by terrorists to attack the United States citizens. In order to prevent the impact of deadly viruses on citizens, the United States requires relevant information that can be used in decision making. The National Security officials predict that one of the most difficult challenges that will be faced by the United States Intelligence Community in the next decade is getting accurate and timely insight on potential attacks. A team of researchers have been appointed by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency to work on possible problems that may be brought about by biological weapons. However, the United States Intelligence System is worried about the slow pace of research that may be over-powered by future terrorists (Erwin et al. 2012, 1).
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Certain nations are now planning to use nuclear weapons to target the United States. States and individuals are engaged in hidden trade where nuclear weapons are exchanged. The biggest concern for the United States Intelligence Community is the black-market trade in nuclear materials that is taking place without the knowledge of the U.S security agencies. The view that that al-Qaida may possess nuclear weapons is a big threat to the United States security. The main challenge that the United States Intelligence Community will face in the next decade is lack of high technology sensors that can be used to penetrate the black market, discover, and interrupt transportation of sensitive nuclear materials. In addition, it is anticipated that there will be limited finances to assist with disruption of the dangerous trade. Severally, the community’s efforts to detect and disrupt radioactive materials at various ports of the United States have failed due to technological problems. In the next decade, the United States Intelligence Community will find it difficult to obtain timely information about the far that the United States enemies have gone in preparing nuclear weapons.
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Today’s world is becoming proliferated with the Internet systems and digital technologies. In the next decade, the world will continue to apply even more advanced digital technologies that can perform faster than the human’s ability to alleviate the potential risks. There have been several cases of cyber attacks in the United States over the recent past. Cyber attack is widely seen as one of the most serious risks to national security (Erwin et al. 2012, 1). The same technology that is used by humans to lead innovation is the same one that enemies use to plan and execute criminal activities that interfere with public safety and economy of the United States. Business people have now come up with products that give false promises to citizens on how to fix cyber attacks as fast as possible. Future cyber attacks will require more advanced systems of detection, as well as solutions beyond the conventional strategies. The United States Intelligence Community will be faced by the challenge of developing extremely sensitive products that can help the United States citizens to detect the possibility of cyber attacks and to deal with their potential impacts in the next decade (Erwin et al. 2012, 1).
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The national security of the United States is to a larger extent affected by climate change. Changes in climate such as melting of polar caps, rising sea level, and severe drought can impact national security. Changes in climate may raise the demand for human assistance depending on the nature of impact that a given change causes to citizens. In the next decade, the United States is likely to suffer from the impact of a warming planet. Natural calamities brought about by climate change will result into new conflicts among refugees as they fight over resources. This will call for increased support from the United States intelligence community. The community cannot arrive into an agreement concerning what should be done to prevent the future impacts of climate change (Houff 2013, 1).
Criminal networks may pose a big challenge to the United States Intelligence Community in the next decade. Corruption is very common among current criminal networks in the United States. Through corruption, criminal organizations now collaborate with terrorists and some national security services agencies to plan criminal activities. The problem of corruption in criminal networks will not end in the near future, and it will continue to exist over the next decade. The United States Intelligence Community will find it difficult to counter transnational crime (Erwin et al. 2012, 1).
The United States Intelligence Community relies heavily on data collected from the field to make appropriate decisions concerning national security issues. The intelligence community uses data as an integrating medium because access to relevant data results into community assimilation (Erwin et al. 2012, 1). The United States population is increasing and the intelligence community will have to collect a lot of data that will have to be analyzed for relevant information to be obtained. This information must also remain available for use by the intelligence community at any time. It is anticipated that the United States Intelligence System will be faced with the challenge of collecting the big data, analyzing it, and making relevant decision from the analyzed data in the next decade. Another challenge will be storing this huge data for future use (Erwin et al. 2012, 1).
In conclusion, the United States Intelligence Community needs to prepare adequately for the multiple security threats that are likely to face the United States in the next decade. The rise in technological advancements and human knowledge are likely to be the major sources of challenges that the United States Intelligence community will face in the next decade (Houff 2013, 1). In addition, the United States Intelligence Community is likely to be confronted by a multifaceted security environment characterized by population changes, socio-economic shifts, and transformations in commerce, transportation, education, and communication. The United States as a nation is likely to be affected by severe attacks in future thought use of biological weapons, nuclear weapons, cyber-attacks, transnational crimes, and climate change. In addition to these challenges, the intelligence budget will continue to affect the operations of the United States Intelligence community in the next decade (Houff 2013, 1).
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