The current American prison system is ineffective form of punishment because of the way prisons are run. In the US, the solitary reason of imprisonment appears to be punishment. Punishment is essential for intentions of justice since exclusive of that offenders would run amok with no responsibility for their deeds. Punishment, on the other hand, has to be evenhanded with rehabilitation, and there is an inconceivable inadequacy of it in these American prison systems. That is why San Quentin gets stated as unique since other prisons have an incredible lack of these programs. Also, the notion of restorative justice, a practice of reconciliation amid the victim and wrongdoer, is not included in the corrections in the American prisons. So, wrongdoers obtain the corporal and psychological beat-down from detain to the court of law to prison with nothing positive to attend to how they got there and how they can modify their conduct and identify the worth they have and how they may perhaps make a distinction in society. They do not have the restorative fairness model to sympathize with the wounded, ask for forgiveness to them, and partake in the healing of the wounded as well as, wrongdoer. Therefore, individuals get out of prison still annoyed, if not angrier, undervalued, amateurish, and distressed, and draw back into the same actions that got them in prison.
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Incarceration for many of the crimes people are being incarcerated for gets not justified. However, this is because most of individuals are in prison for crimes of infatuation, and would really not repeat- offend. Take for example, a low-income individual who steal a packet of flour because he requires feed his family. Prison does not assist improve the structural insufficiencies that direct that individual to commit the crime, for instance poverty, and after prisoners’ period is complete, they are taken back to the same place, with the similar performers and pressure, such as gangs that compel him to commit crime; and lastly, most criminals really age out of offense (Luckey, & Potts, 2011). Studies have revealed that the most possible wrongdoers are aged sixteen and twenty five and after that age, the rates of crime reduce considerably.
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To limit or reduce the size of the prison population various ways can get employed for instance Community Orders. Community Orders are on-custodial punishments for instance, the curfew supervised by electronic labeling, or unpaid work and they are pleasing substitute punishments to petite terms of incarceration. Moreover, they are more cost-effective, a structure of restorative fairness, and rehabilitations more probable (DeFina, & Hannon, 2013). They are as well disciplinary and give a degree of fortification to the community from anti-social conduct. Additionally, reducing the duration of time a prisoner stays in the prison is in fact a much more dependable and competent way of reducing the prison population than other ways. However, this does not mean that the other ways should get dropped, but the American prison should at least try both.
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It is clear that American prison requires a new system that will make it an effective form of punishment. Moreover, most individuals imprisoned in those prisons require rehabilitation to change their conduct. Changing the system, however, will result to reduction of size of population in prison. After all, the population size of the prison depends not only on the span of time they stay, but also the number of individual who are sent there.
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