3D Printing History, Discovery and Development

Executive Summary

This report investigates the history, discovery and development of 3D technology and examines the forecasted future advancements of 3D printing. A brief history of the 3D printing and its operation is initially outlined. The discussion then focuses on the discovery and development of the 3D printing. The performance of these 3Dprinting is examined in relation to three main criteria: feature size, accuracy, and suitability for mass. It is concluded that further technological advances in these three areas as well as the deployment of digital light processing stereolithography (DLP-SLA) technology will continue to improve the quality of 3D printing. It is also suggested that specialized 3D printing will increasingly be incorporated into other types of technology.

Introduction

The purpose of this report is to survey the current state of 3D printing technology and to briefly discuss its history, discovery, and development in the field. By probing a range of lately published journal articles, magazine articles and internet sites on the topic of 3D printing this report describes the history, discovery and development of 3D printing in use today and examines their performance in relation to three criteria: feature size, accuracy, and suitability for mass. The report then considers the effect of further technological advances in these three areas, as well as the deployment of digital light processing stereolithography (DLP-SLA) technology on the future development of 3D printing.

An early improvement on the 3D printing can be traced back in 1986. The development of small, big, accurate, and suitable for mass 3D printing followed the Rapid Prototyping (RP) as domestic users and commercial users increased due to increase in number of computer users and advance in computer technology.

History, discovery and development of 3D printing

In the late 1980’s the earliest 3D printing technologies initially became visible and at this time they were referred to as Rapid Prototyping (RP) technologies. However, this is because the processes were initially imagined as a fast and more cost-effectual technique for making prototypes for product advance in industry, (Easton, 2008). Interestingly, the very initial copyright application for RP technology got filed in Japan by Dr Kodama, in May 1980. Unluckily, for Dr Kodama, the complete copyright requirement was afterward not filed prior to the one year time limit subsequent to the application, which is mainly devastating bearing in mind that he was a copyright lawyer. As a result, the genesis of 3D printing can get traced back to 1986, when the initial copyright got issued for stereolithography apparatus (SLA). However, this copyright was owned by Charles Hull who invested his SLA machine first in 1983. Hull continued co-found 3D Systems Corporation which is one of the biggest and most creative institutes in use of the 3D printing segment today.

The SLA-1 which is the first 3D Systems ‘commercial RP system, was established in 1987 and subsequent thorough testing the first of these system got vended in 1988. As is reasonably distinctive with new technology, whilst SLA can allege to be the primary past the preliminary post, it was not the just RP technology in growth at this time. However, this I because in 1987, Carl Deckard, filled a copyright in the United states for the Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) RP process. The copyright got issued in 1989 and SLS was afterward approved to DTM Inc, which was afterward obtained by 3D Systems. 1989 Scott Crump, a co-founder of Stratasys Inc. filed a copyright for Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM) the proprietary technology that until today get held by the company, but is also the procedure utilized by many of the entry-level machines, on the basis of the open source RepRap model, that are productive today, (Kostakis & Papachristou, 2014). In 1992, the FDM copyright got issued to Stratasys. In Europe, 1989 Founded the EOS GmbH in Germany. After a dalliance with EOS’, SL processes, and R&D, spotlight got placed greatly on the laser sintering (LS) process, which has nonstop gone from effectiveness to effectiveness. Today, the EOS systems get renowned around the world for their excellence output for production and business prototyping applications of 3D printing. In 1990, EOS sold its first ‘Stereos’ system. The direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) process for the company resulted from a first project with a dissection of Electrolux Finland, which was afterward obtained by EOS.

Other 3D printing processes and technologies were also rising in these years, specifically Ballistic Particle Manufacturing (BPM), Laminated Object Manufacturing (LOM), Solid Ground Curing (SGC) and ‘three dimensional printing’ (3DP), (Wright, 2001). And so near the beginningof nineties observed a growing number of challenging companies in the market of RP although only three of the inventive continue today Stratasys, EOS and 3D Systems.
During the 1990’s and early 2000’s a host of novel technologies carried on to get brought in, still paying attention entirely on industrial applications. However, while they were still mostly processes for prototyping applications, R&D got also being conducted by the more superior technology givers for precise casting, tooling, and direct manufacturing applications, (Zolfagharian, at al., 2016). Nonetheless, this saw the appearance of novel terminology, specifically Rapid Casting, Rapid Tooling (RT), and Rapid Manufacturing (RM) in that order.
But it was not until January 2009 that the initial commercially obtainable 3D printer got offered for sale. Since 2009, a mass of similar deposition printers have materialized with minor exceptional selling points and they keep on doing so.

Conclusion

a result of the market discrepancy, noteworthy progresses at the industrial level with capabilities and applications, 3D printing has since 1986 continuously to advance. However, what cannot get denied is the blow that 3D printing is having on the industrial sector and the enormous prospective that 3D printing is representing for the prospect of consumers. What shape that prospective will take is still making known ahead of us.

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