- Human trafficking is described as a modern-day slavery
- Analysis have indicated that victims of human trafficking are exploited for labor purposes or commercial sex
- The perpetrators of human trafficking use coercion, fraud or force to capture the victims.
- Studies have shown that human trafficking is ranked as second largest criminal activity after drugs and is projected to be growing at fastest rate.
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Forms of Human Trafficking
- Sex Trafficking: This is commonly refer to as commercial sex which is perpetrated through coercion, fraud or force in which person perpetrating the act is under age 18. Victims of sex trafficking are normally found working in escort services, strip clubs, brothels and massage parlors.
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- Labor Trafficking: This is a form of human trafficking in which perpetrators use coercion, fraud or force to transport, harbor, obtain, employ or recruit a person for service or labor in slavery, debt bondage, peonage or involuntary.
- Victims of labor trafficking are found working in domestic situations as maids or nannies, panhandling, restaurants, farm work, construction sites, janitorial or sweatshop factories.
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How Human Trafficking are Perpetrated
Studies have indicated that coercion, fraud and force are the major methods traffickers use to capture lives of servitude abuse.
- Force involves confinement, constraint, beatings and rape.
- Fraud involves the use of deceptive and false offer for better life, marriage or employment.
- Coercion this involves the use of physical restraint or threat of serious to any pattern, physical, scheme or person with the intention of causing the victims to believe that failing to perform an act or behave as instructed would lead to restraint or abuse.
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The Victims of Human Trafficking
- Statistics indicated that about 800,000 to 900,000 persons are trafficked across international border globally.
- Approximately 18,000 and 20,000 persons are trafficked into the United States yearly.
- Both the citizens and non-citizens of the United States fall prey to human traffickers.
- These victims trafficked into the United States comes from anywhere in the world such as Canada, Russia, Latin America, Eastern Europe, India, Asia and Africa
Understanding Mindset of Trafficked Victims
- Majority of the victims are unfamiliar with United States culture or do not speak English.
- They are normally confined in a small room to sleep eat and work.
- They fear the police, government officials and healthcare providers because they risk being deported (Wongsa, 2014).
- They are unaware that the act done to them is crime.
- As copying mechanism, they tend to develop positive and loyalty feelings towards the traffickers.
- They fear for the safety of their families at home country
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How to Identify Human Trafficking Acts in the Area
- Human trafficking activities in the patrol area can be identified with the help of social service providers (Gallagher, & Chuang, 2014).
- Since human trafficking activities is a hidden social problem victims can be easily identified if the officers know what they are looking for.
- More focus should be in the places where few people from outside are allowed to interact with victims (Wouters, et al,. 2014).
- It is important to determine whether the suspected victim is accompanied and controlled by another person.
- Also, examine if the potential victim have an identification documents.
Training officers to detect and Prevent Human Trafficking in the Area
- The officer needs to be trained to isolate suspected victims from the individuals person they are accompanying before talking to them.
- The officer should inform the isolated person that it is the person to talk to him/her alone.
- The officer should be trained on how to ask questions so as not to arose suspicion.
- The potential victims should be handle in a trusting, confidential and safe environment.
- The number of staff members should be limit during interrogation
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Important Message to the Victims from the Officers
The potential victims must gain trust from officer if they have to open up and talk. Some of the messages that enhance trust include:
- Our first priority is your safety.
- So, we are here to help you
- We can find you a safe place to stay
- We will give you the social services that you need
- If you are a victim of trafficking and you corporate, you will not be deported
- We are here to make sure that what happened to you will never happened to anyone else.
Communicating with Victims
Some of the questions that can be asked include:
- Is there a lock on you door or window that prevent you from getting out?
- What are your living or working conditions look like?
- Where do you eat and sleep?
- Has anyone threatened you or your family?
- Can you leave your work or job situation at your own will?
- When you are not working, can you come and leave as you wish?
- Has anyone threatened you if you try to quit your work?
Needs of the human trafficking Victims
There are four major needs that victims of human trafficking needs: üImmediate assistance:
- These include medical, food, housing, safety and security, legal services as well as language interpretation.
- Mental health assistance: This is the process of counselling the victims.
- Income assistance: This include assisting the victims to get cash and other living assistance.
- Legal status: This involves assisting the victims to acquire T visa, immigration and certification
Laws Protecting Victims
Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000. This law focus on three areas:
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- prevention through public awareness and education.
- Protection through certification, T visa, benefit and service to help victims restart their lives
- Prosecution through establishment of federal crime of trafficking, new law enforcement tools and efforts