The constitution defines the various rights that are to be upheld by the governing authorities regarding safeguarding the rights of citizens. There are certain fundamental rights that should be safeguarded and the judiciary plays the important role of enforcing them together with other enforcement agencies (Walpin, 2013). Alienable rights like the right to life, liberty, various freedoms among others form part of the natural law. Section one of Article III of the United States Constitution gives the Supreme Court judicial powers together with inferior courts. The Supreme Court is further mandated with the jurisdiction of cases involving its public servants and further has the appellate function about cases from the lower courts. As such, the role of the Supreme Court is greatly interpreted by the constitution regarding exercising is judicial powers to uphold and defend the United States Constitution and to ensure that the country is ruled by the established laws. People should, therefore, seek justice in courts if their rights according to the Constitution have been violated.
The constitutions stipulate various rights that the judges have to look into and pass judgments. Various controversial judgments have rocked the judiciary systems especially the highest court in the land, which is the Supreme Court. Cases, where courts have overturned decisions by other courts, have been commonplace and called into question the integrity and justice mandate of the courts. Justice has been trodden down upon and as Reinhardt (1994) puts its justice is no longer an issue under discussion in the courts. Various judges have passed judgments that are contrary to different laws especially as passed by the state courts. Most of the time they use the judicial review on certain laws, which further may change policies associated with those laws (Graglia, 1994). The supreme thus oversees the authority of the arms of the government and further checks them within the boundaries of the constitution. Some cases that had been ruled by the state like Dartmouth College v Woodward were overturned by the Supreme Court, which gave trustees the old charter and thus the authority to appoint officials to the College (Vile, 2014). There has been confusion in the laws especially the fourth and fifth amendments on unreasonable seizures and searches together with self-incrimination. As such there are entanglements where by the aspects of the two laws are entangled (Pardo, 2005). In such cases like Boyd versus the United States. Judges have to note clearly the similarities and thus ensure they make judgments based on the constitution.
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