Structure and Role of Party Organizations

The U.S. parties’ organization contains employed professionals, rituals party leaders, procedures, and machinery to ensure effective operation of the parties in governing and electoral process. The organization also establishes links between followers and leaders to ensure that they maintain and construct a foundation of supportive voters they can rely on, in elections. Parties uphold permanent offices to help their consistencies. These officers are involved in party building activities that include get-out-the-vote drives and registration of voters. They also give support to their candidates that include running ads, and gathering polling data. Party organization may form national parties, state parties and local parties.  Parties at national level run the presidency and congress candidates. Each party in this level contains national committee comprising of the state party organization chairs, elected officials and party leaders. The state parties handle statewide elections. The activists of the party are named as Electoral College electors in the presidential election in the state. State office candidates may be selected via caucus, state convention, and primary election process. Local parties work at local level in country and municipal elections. The party in partisan elections is engaged in candidates’ identification, giving professional staff, and talking responsibility on issues of immediate concerns (Paletz et al., 2015).

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