Terrorist Attacks : September 11 2001 Attacks Essay

The September 11 2001 attacks were committed by 19 militants associated with the al-Qaeda. The militants hijacked airlines and committed suicide attacks on the World Trade Center, and this is recognized as the most deadly attacks that has ever occurred on America. Osama bin Laden participated fully in the September 11th attack, being that he was the leader of al-Qaeda, an Islamic group which held negative beliefs about the United States. Several years before the attack, Osama bin Laden believed that America’s security system was very weak, demonstrated by its pullout from Vietnam in the 1970s (Bergen, 2015).

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Khalid Sheikh Mohammed was the key planner of the World Trade Center attacks on September 11 2001. Mohammed became an active Muslim at the age of 16, having spent his entire youth in Kuwait. According to Bergen (2015), the plan to attack the World Trade Center on September 11 began in 1996 when Khalid Sheikh Mohammed visited Tora Bora, Afghanistan, where he met Osama bin Laden. According to a report given by the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, Mohammed came up with a proposal in 1996 for an operation to be launched with the aim of crashing planes into the United States buildings. This means that the plan went on for about five years, with the actual attack taking place in 2001.The operation involved training pilots to hijack planes that would be used to crash the buildings in the United States. As part of the plan, al-Qaeda provided logistical support, money, and personnel to make the attack successful (Bergen, 2015).

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According to Shane (2015), the money that was used to finance the September 11 attacks into the World Trade Center came from Saudi Arabia. The money was donated by members of the Saudi Arabia’s royal family. This information was revealed by Zacarias Moussaoui, an al-Qaeda member when he presented his testimony at the United States District Court. Three people, Prince Turki al-Faisal, Prince Bandar bin Sultan, and Prince al-Waleed bin Talal are said to be the donors of al-Qaeda in preparation for the September 11 attacks. The funding was used to train pilots, and to support logistical operations (Shane, 2015).

The main purpose of the activities that were conducted during the planning phase was to attack the United States in order to bring about regime change across the Middle East. Operatives took flight lessons in the United States and suicide operatives from countries within the Middle East were recruited. Part of the plan took place in Hamburg, Germany. Coordination by plot leaders from the United States, the Middle East, and Germany ensured that there were adequately trained pilots who could carry out the attack as planned (Bergen, 2015).

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The September 11 2001 attacks were committed by 19 militants associated with the al-Qaeda. The militants hijacked airlines and committed suicide attacks on the World Trade Center, and this is recognized as the most deadly attacks that has ever occurred on America. Osama bin Laden participated fully in the September 11th attack, being that he was the leader of al-Qaeda, an Islamic group which held negative beliefs about the United States. Several years before the attack, Osama bin Laden believed that America’s security system was very weak, demonstrated by its pullout from Vietnam in the 1970s (Bergen, 2015).

Khalid Sheikh Mohammed was the key planner of the World Trade Center attacks on September 11 2001. Mohammed became an active Muslim at the age of 16, having spent his entire youth in Kuwait. According to Bergen (2015), the plan to attack the World Trade Center on September 11 began in 1996 when Khalid Sheikh Mohammed visited Tora Bora, Afghanistan, where he met Osama bin Laden. According to a report given by the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, Mohammed came up with a proposal in 1996 for an operation to be launched with the aim of crashing planes into the United States buildings. This means that the plan went on for about five years, with the actual attack taking place in 2001.The operation involved training pilots to hijack planes that would be used to crash the buildings in the United States. As part of the plan, al-Qaeda provided logistical support, money, and personnel to make the attack successful (Bergen, 2015).

According to Shane (2015), the money that was used to finance the September 11 attacks into the World Trade Center came from Saudi Arabia. The money was donated by members of the Saudi Arabia’s royal family. This information was revealed by Zacarias Moussaoui, an al-Qaeda member when he presented his testimony at the United States District Court. Three people, Prince Turki al-Faisal, Prince Bandar bin Sultan, and Prince al-Waleed bin Talal are said to be the donors of al-Qaeda in preparation for the September 11 attacks. The funding was used to train pilots, and to support logistical operations (Shane, 2015).

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The main purpose of the activities that were conducted during the planning phase was to attack the United States in order to bring about regime change across the Middle East. Operatives took flight lessons in the United States and suicide operatives from countries within the Middle East were recruited. Part of the plan took place in Hamburg, Germany. Coordination by plot leaders from the United States, the Middle East, and Germany ensured that there were adequately trained pilots who could carry out the attack as planned (Bergen, 2015).

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Bombing is a tactic that Islamic countries used to attack their enemies. Since the end of World War II, terrorists have come up with new innovations that they use to attack and create fear among their enemies. For instance, suicide bombing was used during the Algerian struggle of the 1950s. The use of suicide bombing in Algeria in the 1950s was influenced by the desire for political change (Jenkins, 2011). The suicide bombs were typically placed in vehicles, human body, or in animals, and were directed against embassies and hotels. This is because human beings, animals, and vehicles could move from one place to another, in hotels and in public places where large groups of people were located. Other potential targets for suicide bomb were military camps, economic installations, and senior government officials. These people and places were the potential targets for suicide bombers because they are the source of national security and economic strength (Jenkins, 2011).

Females were largely used in the suicide bombings in Algeria in the 1950s. Just like law enforcement agencies, terrorists do the work of investigating their potential enemies before attacking them. There are several reasons why suicide bombing is such an effective tactic to spread fear. According to the United States Army, many groups employ suicide bombing because such attacks are capable of causing extensive damage and large casualties. In addition, suicide bombing plans rarely fail because the success of suicide mission is always guaranteed even after the bomber has left the area of operation (Ronczkowski, 2006).

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Moreover, suicide attacks result into large psychological impacts on the attacked groups because it renders the public helpless. Several groups prefer suicide bombing to other forms of terrorist attacks because suicide attacks are relatively cheap and easy to carry out. Furthermore, many people, especially Muslims, are always willing to finance suicide attack giving those who want to use the mission an easy time to plan the attacks. According to Ronczkowski (2006), suicide attacks are often less complicated and will require very little knowledge to implement. Normally, suicide bombers are concerned about their security as they continue to carry out the attacks. Suicide bombing is recognized as one of the terrorist attacks which present minimal security risks to the groups performing it. It is important to note that terrorist are normally impressed if their operations and covered in the media. For this reason, they are always happy to use suicide bombing because media coverage in such attacks is always guaranteed (Ronczkowski, 2006).

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Apart from bombing, kidnapping and assassinations are some of the methods that terrorists use to attack their enemies. Terrorists normally use kidnapping and assassinations to establish bargaining positions in those countries or groups that they wish to attack. Kidnapping and assassinations are very difficult tasks to accomplish, but, if terrorists succeed, they can generate huge sums of money, make their jailed comrades to be released from jail, and gain publicity for a prolonged period of time (Jenkins, 2011). As terrorists can kidnap any person irrespective of his or her title in a country, assassinations are normally targeted toward prominent people in authority. This compels the authorities to comply with the demands of the attackers, which eventually attracts and holds media attention. When terrorists kidnap or assassinate members of a given country, their target is always the audience and the nation, but not necessarily the kidnapped and assassinated individuals (Jenkins, 2011).

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Extremely unique outcomes can result from the kidnappings and assassination of key political or social figures. For instance, when a key political figure is assassinated by terrorists, it can result into huge financial losses for a country because the assassinated person may be forced to reveal important information about the country’s finances. In addition, huge finances can be lost if the government is requested to pay ransom in order to the assassinated person to be released. Terrorists can also obtain private security information of a country by kidnapping and assassinating a key political or social figure. This information can be used by terrorists to plan an extremely severe attack on a particular country. A good example is the assassination of German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer which enabled terrorist to obtain private security information about Germany ju

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