Located in Northern America
Total area is 9,826675, where land occupies 9.161, 966 and water 664, 709 sq km
World third largest country by size
climate is mostly temperature though tropical in Florida and Hawaii, low winter temperatures are also experienced in the northwest
International environment agreement: party to air pollution, environmental modification, climatic change, desertification among others
Total renewable water resources in 2011 was 3,069 cu km
Natural hazard includes tsunamis, floods, forest fires, volcanos, earthquakes, tornadoes and hurricanes
Land use as per 2011: permanent land was 0.26%, arable land 16.299%, others 83.44%
Natural resources include coal, copper, lead, and 16 more
Located in Southern Asia
Total area is 181,035, where land occupies 176, 515 and water 4,520 sq km.
Is a land of forest and paddies dominated by Tonle Sap and Mekong River.
Climate is tropical monsoon rainy season, dry season and little seasonal variation in temperature
International environment agreement: party to desertification, climate change and biodiversity among others
Total renewable water resources was 476.1 u km in 2011
National hazards include monsoonal rains, occasional draught and floods
Land use as per 2011: permanent land was 0.86%, arable land 22.09%, others 77.05%
Natural resources include oil and gas, timber, gemstones and 4 more
Native Americans lived in the country long before 1600s
Was colonized by British between 1630 to 1763
Witnessed revolution between 1763 and 1783
There was formation of young republic between 1783 when the company gained independence and 1815.
Between 1815 and 1860 the country experienced political reforms, expansion and turmoil.
The country experienced sectional controversy, reconstruction and war between 1830 and 1876.
This went hand in hand with second industrial revolution that took place from 1871 to 1914.
The second political reforms took place between 1880 and 1920
Then the first world war and the second world war after which the American developed their economy
This was followed by the development of super poser nation in the world between 1945 and 1960; the postwar period (United States History, n.d-).
The country was first reported by Chinese traders in 1st century
Khmer kingdom flourished between 6th and 7th century
The Angkor era followed which survived between the 9th century and 15th century
Then there was Cambodia dark age from the mid-16th century
They then became French protectorate for 90 years.
They gained independence in 1953
The country has changed its name for three time from Cambodia to Democratic Kampuchea under Pol Pot command in 1976, then to People’s Republic of Kampuche in 1979 to the Kingdom of Cambodia in 1993
The country is currently ruled by Hun Sen as the Prime Minister and has ruled for the last 30 years (Cambodian Information Center, 2015).
Has a population of approximately 318,892, 103
Population growth rate of 0.77%
Total dependency ratio is 51%
Has 82.4% total urban population
Average life expectancy of 79.56 years
Official language is American English
Literacy level is 99% for basic education
Education expenditure is 5.4% of the GDP
Population comprises of different ethnicity which include white, blacks, Asians, Hispanic among others
Health expenditure is 17.9% of the GDP
Mortality rate is 21 deaths for every 100000 live birth
Christianity is the dominating religion (Indexmundi, n.d.).
Has a population of about 15458332
Population growth rate 1.63%
Total dependency ratio is 57.6%
Has 20% total urban population
Average life expectancy 63.78 years
Official language Khmer
Literacy level for basic education is 73.9%
Education expenditure is 2.6% GDP (2010 statistics
The population comprises of three major ethnic groups that include Khmer, Chinese and Vietnamese
Health expenditure 5.7% GDP based on 2011 statistics
Morality rate is 250 deaths for every 100000 live birth
National religion Buddhists (Indexmundi, n.d.).
GDP in 2013 was $ 16.72 trillion
GDP growth rate in 2013 was 1.6%
GDP per capita in 2013 was $52800
Gross national saving in 2013 was 13.5%
Population below poverty level in 2010 was 15.1%
Labor force in 2013 was 155.4 million
Rate of unemployment in 2013 was 7.3%
Budget revenue in 2013 was $2.849 trillion while expenditure was $3.517 trillion
Inflation rate in 2013 was 1.5% (Indexmundi, n.d.).
GDP in 2013 was $39.64 billion
GDP growth rate in 2013 was 7%
GDP per capita in 2013 was $2600
Gross national savings in 2013 was 9.6%
Population below poverty in 2012 was 20%
Labor force in 2011 was 7.9 million
Rate of unemployment in 2011 was 0%
Budget revenue in 2013 was $2.685 billion while expenditure was $3.1 billion
Rate of inflation in 2013 was 3.2% (Indexmundi, n.d.).
Peace And Stability
The country has been stable for quite a while without major political conflicts: Among the witnessed internal conflicts include civil war between 1861 and 1865
Other conflicts include civil rights conflicts between minorities and whites this happened between 1954 to 1968.
Since then the country has been witnessing civil rights demonstrations but no major war
Have taken part in maintaining peace and order in a number of fighting nations that include Afghanistan, Iran, and Russia among others
The country has witness a number of political conflicts that have caused internal war
Sihanouk is overthrown by Lon Nol in 1970
Pol Pot overthrew Lon Nol most educated middle class are tortured and killed in 1975
Hun Sen organized coup in 1997
2002-2004 political deadlock after disputed election
2012 boarder dispute with Thailand
2013 mass protest against election results and 2014 opposition protest camp as a result of disputing election (BBC, 2015)
Presidential form of governance with president as the leader of the nation and governors as the leaders of the states
It’s a democratic nation with a congress, senate, and judicial and a constitution balance the law
Constitution is the supreme law of the United States
The government constitute of three branches that include the legislative with congress, house of representatives and senate, executive with president, cabinet and vice president and judicial with supreme court and other federal courts (USA, n.d.).
The country is constitutionally divided into 50 states which are divided into counties that are also divided into municipalities.
It has a multiple parties political system
It has three level of judiciary which include the supreme court, court of appeal and the district court
Elections are held after every 4 years with a limit of maximum of 2 terms (Iipdigital, n.d.).
Constitutional monarchy wherein the head of the government is the prime minister while the head of the state is the Monarch.
Its democratic nation with a parliament to create legislations and a constitution to follow
The government has separate judicial, executive and legislative branches
The governmental power is demonstrated through the judiciary, royal government, senate, and the national assembly
The country is constitutionally divided into four municipalities and 24 provinces. Each province is sectioned into districts which are also subdivided into communes
The country has two political party
It also has two level of judiciary which include Supreme Council of the Magistracy and Supreme court
Elections are held after every 5 years without term limit (Asiabiznews, 2014).
Adopts western culture though with influence of other ethnicity such as Africans and Latinos
Uses American English as their national language though they enjoy unique culture characterized by different social habits, dialects, arts, music, folklore and cuisine.
The country is highly diversified due to a huge number of immigrants and inherited a number of cultural aspects from British especially in the legal system.
Social classes are given great importance in the US which are defined based on the economic status, level of education, race, and religion
American culture may be diversified mostly based on individual race and ethnicity with some giving more importance to religious values while others swaying with change in the western culture
Give more importance to nuclear family than the entire extended family and mostly people live individual life
Adopts Buddhism and all its laws and teachings, though there are a few Muslims, and Christians .
Most individuals uses Khmer as their language
They observe society hierarchy and interpersonal relationship. They also have rank order in the monarchy
They mostly live a collective life either as a family, company or a group (Ldldproject,2005).
Greetings among them depends on age, hierarchy and relationship between people
They offer gift during the new years but they do not celebrate birthdays
They observe formal table manners in any family
Art is normally given much importance in sculpturing Buddhism figures (Indexmundi, n.d.).
Although there is hierarchy in business, they are not given much importance since free association can be used to eliminate hierarchy formalities
Time and agendas are highly observed in any business meeting
Personal relation are never given any importance normal verbal greeting are extended.
Handshake can also be given which must not be soft
Contract are the only way to do business, mutual trust cannot be assured without a contract.
They speak clearly when they do not agree with an idea and maybe give reasons for that
Individualism is emphasized even in business
Contains loyalty to individual goals and normally use terms as “self sufficient”
Truth omission is regarded as dishonesty
Confrontation is considered as a healthy way to acquire feedback
No is simply used to mean “NO”
Used of actual and precise language in business communication
Regards disagreement as a means of personal expression and thus valued
Value the truth than spearing others feeling
Highly concerned about individual achievements (Ldldproject, 2005).
Hierarchical culture is also observed in business where respect is offered based on one’s position in business
Business meetings do not stick to agenda and schedule
Friendliness is normally given more importance than business operations; business card can only be exchanged after friendly greetings and talks
Soft handshakes are normally used to pass respectful greetings even in business meeting
They base their relation on mutual trust and thus they do not give much importance to contracts
They remain silent if they do not agree with an idea
Humility and modesty are emphasized in their culture
Normally talk as a group or on behave of a group using ‘we’(Asiabiznews, 2014).
Always pledges for group loyalty using terns such as “I belong “
Truth omission is regarded as building harmony
Confrontation is regarded as destructive and rude and thus undesirable
No is used to substitutes other words as let ‘s see,, maybe or well
Apply a lot of ambiguous words to pass a message
Regards disagreement impolite and thus might verbalize yes though act contrary
Value individuals feelings as compared to the truth
Highly concerned about human associations and social harmony (Ldldproject, 2005).
Formal ways of solving disputes are applied either through litigation of mediation.
Have always employed internationally accepted law to resolve disputes including disputes between a local citizen and international company or vice versa
Foreign business need to register and to satisfy all legal requirements set fore foreign investors in the country. These rules varies based on the relation between the two countries, and the form of investment
Have well established legal system to control both local and foreign investment in the country, with clear business operation limits and strategies
Frequently apply traditional, informal ways of resolving disputes for instance elders, individuals commanding community, and villages respect.
The country adopted an alternative dispute resolution and recognize international techniques of resolving issues through arbitration
Foreign companies are registered with the three kinds of foreign business include subsidiary branch or representative office
Insufficient legal structure in the country is blamed for hindering foreign investment in the country