Higher learning education is the backbone of the learning system. This is the system that an individual can progress from certificate to diploma to PHD in the same environment. The higher learning education embraces diversity of all being. The challenge facing the system involve a closing of the accesses of chance I different parts of the world (Zusman 121). This tendency will regulate how far people in higher learning go and become. In connection to higher education the challenges can be termed in kinds of deficits. This term helps to focus on the challenges and any possibilities. This essay discusses some of the critical challenges facing higher learning education system.
There are several challenges that affect higher learning education. First and foremost, the institutions are operating in a global market. Learning institution must know how to integrate a worldwide viewpoint in the present policies in a way that expands and improves their local approach and improves their brand. There is no size that fits in all methods in the process of worldwide competition. It is upon individual institutions to evaluate how best to face the growing demand of global background that the segment is operating in (Hirsch and Weber 19).
The issue of increasing expectations from the student also poses a challenge. Up surging the tuition fee control has led to main concentration on learners and their anticipations in a way that has not been seen in the higher learning education before. The learners are now paying a lot to their studies and anticipate more profitable return on the investment in facilities, employability, quality academics or the other services offered to them (Ramsden 63). The strategies of the campus should become more flexible to entice the learners in an extremely competitive market, evaluating their place as well as mapping the segment of the customers which are most significant to them. Learning institutions will be required to take serious choices to target some of the marketplaces and have a procedure in place to elevate some of those routes and ensure they have the invention and expertise needed while working to overcome fixed cultural traditionalism (Zusman 131).
With increasing learner’s anticipation as well as stiff competition as students take on a big monetary burden for their academics, learning institutions need to invest in infrastructure, career support as well as teaching to appeal to students. The costs of learning, teaching and staff are increasing rapidly. The sector has tried to respond to that challenge in different ways. Without any transformation there is vital monetary risk for learning institutions as level of expenses to begin to surpass growth in revenue (Teferra and Philip 29). For example the institutions are working out to cut on expenses. The section should construct on its success and change further to help in offsetting the risk of monetary failure. Every institution has different subjects; different cost structure and each will require reshaping its functional model to best direct expenditure and reducing costs.
High demand and necessity for new technologies- The arrival of new technology has provided the sector with fresh opportunities to reorganize their front and back operations. Some of the back offices of the Universities need attention. There is also still hesitancy to exploit the technology in incorporating and enhancing support of the student and administration. Such areas constantly rely on numerous IT programs for varied services. With increasing demands as well as expectations, incorporated as well as streamlined IT structures can enforce a smooth and cost effective management process. The learning sector should continue to make sure that their space as well as their strategy is allied particularly as learner demand points to radically different state necessities as compared to the recent past (Teferra and Philip 39). Shifting methods of learning means different brands are being made of the space. For instance, there has been change from bigger lecture halls constructed for one way learning to more common workspaces. Some of these variations have driven vital investment in new premises so that universities mirror the demands of the students (Hirsch and Weber 19).
In enticing and holding the best talent, the universities as well as colleges should work to link recruitment with their company priorities and strategy as advised. They must not be reluctant to employ people from the world for their administration functions, and must work to support incentives while being subtle to the effect this may have on the campus culture (Brown, Joanna and Malcolm 11). The strategy of recruitment should reflect specific context that the organization operates in. It also quite hard to make research sustainable, funds for the research has become hard to access. Accessibility has moved away from grants and is now exposed to intense competition, in this case a lot of cash get lost through loopholes. The university earnings streams sway away from the government, the campus must look to earning income apart from getting funds from the government as well as working with fresh companies and partners to diversify the funds they use in the research (Ramsden 71).
The rates of graduation are on the rise. Some of the developed nations in the world fall into that ploy. Many universities are raising the rates of graduation this causes a lot of reaction from the students because many parents and students are unable to get this money in their favor. It has been argued that, if the university graduated some of those who drop out, the number of graduates will be high. Also, low rate of graduation means that parents and students spend money on scholars who quit and spend money to recruit and educate more students who quit. High rates of graduation will save people’s money, restore the dreams of people, and help the nation to compete.
The tendency of setting high standards for higher learning institutions which needs to be done while still taking explanation of the widely differing missions and resources of every university and college. Currently, there is surplus of standards –recruitment low income as well as first generation of graduation people, learner’s satisfaction and many conflict.
Most of the universities lack the training of educational and management leadership, therefore by taking smart educationist who understands nothing about management and allow manage a multibillion operations with lack of experience. The institution should be prepared to well without learning from the mistakes. Many stakeholders fail to nurture responsible board of governance who will take their work as essential. This is the situation that happens in most nations. They fail to educate the trustee on issues concerning their sector hence they remain unfamiliar with the system, while assisting them to steer between micromanaging laissez-faire (Brown, Joanna and Malcolm 13).
The community and society needs to trust the university and government standards as guidance. If the students are going to get money such as loans including federal grants, they should have price to pay. However, if one agrees with the goals, government acquiescence is normally a burden and particularly not cheap.
In summary, the universities and colleges face varied challenges that should looked at in long run. Some of the challenges facing higher learning education include, the institutions are operating in a global market, and there is increasing expectations from the student as well as high demand and necessity for new technologies. Others include: stiff competition as students take on a big monetary burden for their academics, reluctant to employ people from the world for their administration functions and high rates of graduation. Finally, most of the universities lack the training of educational and management leadership
Brown, George A., Joanna Bull, and Malcolm Pendlebury. Assessing student learning in higher education. Routledge, 2013.
Hirsch, Werner Zvi, and Luc Weber, eds. “Challenges facing higher education at the millennium.” (1999): 2013.
Ramsden, Paul. Learning to teach in higher education. Routledge, 2003.
Teferra, Damtew, and Philip G. Altbachl. “African higher education: Challenges for the 21st century.” Higher education 47.1 (2004): 21-50.
Zusman, Ami. ” Challenges facing higher education in the twenty-first century.” American higher education in the twenty-first century: Social, political, and economic challenges 2 (2005): 115-160.