Human Capital in UNICEF

The purpose of this paper is to elaborate on UNICEF’s human capital. UNICEF is a non-profit humanitarian program having its headquarters based in New York City, was instituted by the United Nations General Assembly, which occurred on the eleventh of December, 1946 mainly with the aim of facilitating provision of substitute foodstuff and healthcare to kids in nations shattered by Second World War (Jolly, 2014). It became a lasting division of the United Nations Systems in 1953, where its name was edited from the existing United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund. It trusts on aids from governments, supports and private donors for its funds.

Majority of its workings are done in the field. It is exists in 190 nations and consists of country offices that convey its main mission through programs of mutual aid established with the specific governments. It also has regional offices that monitors the works and offers technical backing to national offices as required. The organizations general management and supervision is effected in its headquarters where children’s international policy is formed. Specified offices consist of supply division centered in Copenhagen, which offers important materials lifesaving vaccine dosages for kids in developing nations. The Innocenti Research Center in Florence and Offices of Japan that helps in fundraising and liaising with policy makers is also functioned by UNICEF (Jolly, 2014). It constitute 36 National Committees which apart from upholding the children rights, it generates funds, sells UNICEF’s acknowledgement cards and merchandises, and makes significant corporate and civic society partners. Check Out for Children is an example of campaigns conducted by National Committee in which visitors give a contribution to UNICEF through their apartment bills when leaving. Another example is Trick or Treat for UNICEF where children in the United States, Ireland, Mexico and Canada generate resources for UNICEF. It also consists of a 36 member Executive Board made up of governments agents that directs and monitors through formation of policies, approving programs and determining on managerial and monetary strategies and budgets.

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United Nations General Assembly mandates UNICEF to campaign for the safeguarding of children’s rights, help them achieve the basic necessities and increase their chances of reaching their aspirations. It strives to support the health and wellbeing of all children, focusing more on the utmost vulnerable, those with infirmities and those living in insubstantial circumstances. Its main purpose is to cooperate with partners to eliminate the problems that insufficiency, viciousness, ailments and discriminations in a child’s pathway (Marsico, 2014). They emphasize on provision of good foundation to children since appropriate care at the earliest age leads to stronger foundation for a individual’s future. It endeavors to inaugurate children’s rights as permanent ideologies and global values of conduct to children. It aims to encourage the equal rights of women and girls and to back their full involvement in the social, political, and economic expansion of their societies, through its country programs.

UNICEF supports the rights of a child Convention, takes part in the Millennium Development Goals, and supports the development pledged in the United Nations Charter. While striving for peace and security, it ensures that everyone is held responsible to the assurances made for kids (Marsico, 2014). It ensures that all children and mothers access the HIV prevention measures, treatment, precautions and support services. It also supports provision of value education and child-friendly training, and putting more emphasis on girl child education and gender impartiality.

Impacts of Human Capital in UNICEF


This paper explains the impacts of human capital in UNICEF. It is a program under the United Nations and it takes part in the provision of long term charitable and developmental supports to mothers and children in different nations, focusing more in developing countries. Its main mission is to safeguard the rights of children, by helping them achieve their basic needs and their future aspirations. It gives first priority to the vulnerable children with disabilities and those living with unsubstantial conditions (Jolly, 2014). The organization strives to ensure that all the problems that might be encountered in any child’s pathways are eliminated, starting from an early age. They ensure that all children are given good foundation with the aim of alleviating problems that might arise due to poor foundations. It also promotes gender equality by supporting the involvement of women and girls in the political, social, environmental and economic improvements of the societies in which they live in. Tagging on that is the idea of inauguration of rights of children as permanent principles and global values of conduct to children.

All the personnel in the organization must have skills and knowledge about children’s rights so as to help in making effective policies that safeguard their rights. One of the major concerns of the organization is that child mortality rates in identified areas have not reduced as it was initially planned; these regions include the Sub-Saharan Africa (UNICEF, 2013). Therefore, more preventive measures have to be taken to reduce the deaths of the children. Finally, the organization markets and advertises its brand through its well-chosen ambassadors who are members of the different sections in the entertainment industry. The ambassadors help the organization by raising awareness on the benefits of protecting the rights of children, raising funds and educating on behalf of UNICEF.

Annotated Bibliography

Jolly, R. (2014).UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Funds): Global Governance that Works. London: Routledge.

The author of this book elaborates a comprehensive analysis of operations and developments in UNICEF. It also shows the organizations achievements and why they are striving to achieve their desired mission, vision and goals. It explains that UNICEF is the oldest development funds in the United Nations structure, and it is known as the best organization in terms of its achievements and general performances. It explores the reasons behind the success, popularity, growth and expansions in many nations, explaining its evolutions since its invention in 1946.The author of this book argues that international campaigning for the rights of children is possible and can be fruitful in mobilizing funds, creating positive results and differences to the lives of children globally. However he adds that challenges may be encountered in the process but the benefits will out do the problems. The book is suitable for specialists in international organizations, human rights and the United Nations System.

Livingstone, S. & Bulger, M. (2014). A Global Research Agenda for Children’s Rights in the Digital Age. Journal of Children and Media. DOI: 10.1080/17482798.2014.961496.

The article uses the UN convention child rights as the basis for outlining evidence-based policy surrounding children’s rights in the contemporary era. The author suggests a universal agenda with the aim of producing valuable evidence for policy makers whose main agenda is promotion of children’s rights. In this regard, the author suggests four theories that can create the best foundation for policy making: a) fostering protection of children from any forms of risks, with consideration of the relationship between resilience and vulnerability; b) offering opportunities that can yield benefits while considering the diverse cultural contexts; c) considering priorities, measures, design, and concepts during development of research agenda in collaboration with research from far and wide.

United Nations & UNICEF. (2013). State of the World’s Children Report: Children with Disabilities. New York: United Nations.

This report indicates that one in every seven children have different forms of disabilities. Adding on that is the fact that those children with disabilities have higher chances of being marginalized, unfortunate and vulnerable. It emphasizes on the UNICEF’s commitments to improve the lives of children, focusing more on the vulnerable and the less fortunate in the society. It investigates the chain of barriers encountered by disabled children, this include detrimental norms, discriminations, and lack of access to accurate and beneficial information. The report also provides an analysis of good management practices which include provision of wide-ranging health education to all children, prevention of diseases, importance of taking balanced diets, and protection of children from any form of violence, exploitations and abuse. The report also shows the benefits of adopting appropriate technologies and infrastructures and their relationships towards the children’s growth.

UNICEF. (2013). Children of the Recession: The Impact of the Economic Crisis on Child Well –Being in Rich Countries (Innocenti Report Card). New York: United Nations Pubns.

The author of this report shows from its data and observations the relationships between the recessions on the economies of a nation and the health of children. It reveals that there is a strong and multifaceted correlation between the tough impacts of the Great Recession on a nation’s economy and the decline in the health of children. It elaborates that children who suffer and bear longer consequences of poor health are those from countries that were hit harder by the recession. The author further explains that the degree and character of the crisis ‘s influences on the children has been molded by the seriousness of the recession, pre-existing economic situations and the strong points of the collective safety net. Adding on that is the implementation of appropriate polices to safeguard the rights of children and the corresponding responses from the policies. However, the author adds that despite of these unprecedented communal predicaments, many nations have managed to reduce this factors that lead to child poverty.

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