Analyzing world cultures
Culture is an integral part of every society. It presents the sole element of a particular society that’s gives its unique identity. Without it, a society cannot stand out as one with a recognized identity. This essay scrutinizes the Indian culture using various resources, most of them being online videos and articles, to ultimately compare it to the western culture.
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Upon watching the videos on the subject of Indian culture, the theme comes out with much cultural weight. The first video particularly brings out the cultural orientation and historical aspectsof the Indian population as a whole. As demonstrated by the video, the culture spans to over 4500 years in magnitude. It further carries other dimensions like mythology, philosophy, literature and theology on a general scale. The other videos expose more on the way of living and religious proclivity. More explicitly, they expose on the major activities that encircle an Indian’s daily schedule as well as their whole life in general. The main points cover Indian art & architecture, literature, performing arts, motion pictures, society, clothing and sports.
From the videos, various sub-themes come out about the culture. The first one is cuisine. Indian cuisine is unique by its own(Harold, 2004). From the visual evidence in the videos, numerous ingredients often alongside the deployment of a wide range of cooking techniques are used.What is more, the foods are usually seasoned with spices like bay leaves, ginger, turmeric, chiles among many others. Just to mention a few, the most common Indian dishes the Punjabi dish, curry chicken, dal Mahkini, basmati rice and other assortments of most similar and varied dishes and desserts.
Food has been most influenced by the Indian religion. Most of the times, the difference in the cuisine goes hand in hand with disparities in religion. Indian religions are mainly based on Buddhism and Jainism. The philosophy here dictates on the nature of the cuisine and the foods that should be integrated in meals. Not only that, the gods in Indian religion are the overall determinants of what is to be eaten.
The objectives of the inclusive Indian religion are usually to lead the people into a moral life, be aware of the actions & thoughts and to develop wisdom and understanding. Resultantly, all activities around the Indian culture are pillared on these objectives. For instance, such activities like performing arts and motion pictures incorporate the purposes as exhibited above. Music, art and literature are intertwined with the culture as well. Music especially is dependent on moral values of the society and includes folk and filmi music which encompasses traditional and regional styles. Apart from music, Indian culture also indorses sporting activities like chess, cricket and football(Wolpert, 2003). All these and other more activities in the Indian culture are almost always interconnected and not always far from religious connection.
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For accountability within the society, the society is defined on a particular social hierarchy. Social stratification either comes through formality or through endogamous hereditary groups(Schwartzberg, 2011). It is up to the society, based on these groups, to plan marriages, Indian festivals and other initiations that are social in nature. It is also the responsibility of the society to ensure that the dressing follows the cultural norms. Indian culture upholds clothing such as the lungi or dhoti for men and the sari for women(Tarlo, 1996). Both come in the uniqueness and in form of traditional Indian dresses.
With all these and many more, the Indian culture stands in complete exclusivity. It is however similar to the western culture in various aspects. For example, the protocol of upholding moral values is one. Additionally, the western culture attempts to follow what is set by the religion, that of Christianity, to promote harmony, unity and peace. Nevertheless, the cuisine in the west is not mainly oriented to religion and is totally based on human pleasure and nutrition. The clothing also lies on individual preferences rather than the societal dictations. More generally, the west is based in individualism rather than socialism. It means that Indian culture places ‘rules’ to be followed by the society on the ways of life which doesn’t apply to the west. These disparities are the reason why one is likely to suffer from culture shock if they immerse themselves in the Indian culture.