- Biome found in Alabama
- Main features of the biome
- Type of organisms in Alabama
- Interaction of the organisms with one another
- Conditions they need in order to survive
- Hypothesis of a New Environment
- Additional Topics;
i. The environmental management practices changes in the area.
ii. Impact in shift of culture and society in the area.
- Alabama is a southeastern U.S. state home to significant landmarks from American Civil Rights Movement.
- As on the year 2014, the population was 4.849 million.
- Temperate Deciduous Forest is one of the largest biome found in Alabama (Sayre, A. P. 1994)
Features of Temperate Deciduous Forest
- Deciduous forests means that these plants lose their leaves every year and grow them back and also have evergreen trees.
- Average temperature of the forest is about 50-56 degrees Fahrenheit.
- The temperate deciduous forest has an interesting feature of changing seasons, from Spring, Summer, Winter and Fall.
- These Temperate forests have rich soil and have hot summers and cold winters.
- The temperate deciduous forests gets the second-most amount of rainfall per year with an average of 30 to 60 inches per year.
Type of organisms in Temperate Deciduous Forest
- Lichen, moss, ferns, wildflowers and other small plants are the variety of plant species found in Temperature deciduous
- Shrubs fill in the middle level and hardwood trees like maple make up the third level.
- Conifers like pine trees mixes with the hardwood trees in this biome. The taiga and the temperate deciduous forest may overlap.
Plants in Temperate Deciduous Forest
- Diversity of life exists such as insects, frogs, snakes etc.
- Birds like broad-winged hawks, are also found in this biome.
- Mammals may include white-tailed deer red foxes.
- Some animals in this biome migrate or hibernate in the winter in order to adapt in this biome.
- Symbiotic relationship is evident in this biome.
- Symbiosis is a situation in which two different organisms live together in close relationship.
- Some examples in the Temperature Deciduous Forest are
1.Parasitism-A tick feasting on a deer.
2.Mutualism-Bees feed on nectar and spread pollen to flowers.
3.Commensalism-one species benefits and the other species is neither helped or harmed
Hypothesis of a New Environment
- Climate would warm up by an average of 10 degrees C because of various changes such as global warming and climate shift.
- These changes can have both positive and negative effects on temperate forests.
- Change in climate will result in species either adapting, migrating or dying off.
- Carbon dioxide could support increased growth in areas with fertile soil and sufficient water supplies, (Benton, E. P., & McCreadie, J. W. April 01, 2009)
- In Alabama, the added carbon dioxide might be useless because water isn’t sufficiently available.
- During migration these invasive species can wreak havoc on temperate trees, such as the mountain pine beetle.
- The biome would have a problem with the extinction of some species which died as they were unable to migrate or adapt due to the changes.
- Animals and plants likely to inhabit the warmer area may include; gray wolf, eagle, coyotes, grasshoppers, crickets, buffalo grass, wild indigos, crazy weed and herbs.
- In reference to the ecological models, the distribution of world biomes will shift as a result of the climate changes associated with increased greenhouse gases.
- The size of the populations of organisms within the biomes will change with potential consequences for the functioning of ecosystems and other dependents.
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