PILLAR 1: BUILDING TRUST AND LEGITIMACY
- Building trust and nurturing legitimacy on both sides of the police-citizen divide is not only the first pillar of this task force’s report but also the foundational principle underlying this inquiry into the nature of relations between law enforcement and the communities they serve (Rosenfeld, & Fornango, 2014).
- Analysis indicated that policing has been improved by better equipping and better organized thus becoming more effective in crime tackling.
- However, public confidence in police has remained at its lowest especially population of color.
PILLAR 2: POLICY AND OVERSIGHT
- In order for the police and law enforcers to perform their roles in accordance with the established policies, the policies must reflect the values of the community.
- The policy and oversight have to be clearly articulated to conform with the community needs and implemented in a transparent manner so that the people can have faith and increase credibility (Kohler-Hausmann, 2014).
- The most important aspect in regard to the policies of the law enforcement organization is the use of force.
- For example, law enforcers have use evidence-based practice to successfully manage demonstrators.
PILLAR 3: TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIAL MEDIA
- There is no doubt that we are living in a time when the technology is advancing more quickly, faster than the laws and policies.
- Studies have shown that proper use of technology by the police department such as body-worn cameras (BWC), social media and other myriad of products helps the police to build community trust and legitimacy (Tyler, & Jackson, 2014).
- Social media play important role in ensuring that the law enforcement organization engages with the community about the important issues affecting them.
- However, it is important to understand that while technology is crucial to the police, it is never a panacea.
PILLAR 4: COMMUNITY POLICING AND CRIME REDUCTION
- Researchers have identified that community policing is a philosophy that enhances organizational strategies that support the systematic use of partnership and problem-solving techniques to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues such fear of crime, social disorders and crime (Reisig, et al., 2013).
- The use community policing in the United States has seen significant reduction in both property crime and violent.
- In order to make community policing effective and workable, the law enforcers must be trained and rooted on a very strong policies that promotes procedural justice.
PILLAR 5: TRAINING AND EDUCATION
- Considering that United States has become more of a pluralistic and the scope of the law enforcement and responsibility expands, there is need to have a better training.
- The officer on line must be equipped with knowledge and skills to tackle challenges such as growing mental health crisis, new cultural mores, changing laws, rising immigration, evolving technologies and international terrorism.
- In order for the law enforcement organization to acquire the requisite skills and knowledge the workforce requires high level of education and extensive ongoing training.
PILLAR 6: OFFICER WELLNESS AND SAFETY
- The wellness and safety of law enforcement is not only important to the officer on line alone, but also to their colleague, other agencies and the public safety.
- Analysis have indicated that law enforcer are constantly at risks and encounters tragedy on a regular basis.
- This sixth pillar ensures that police officer and other law enforcers agencies operates in safe environment.
- This include tackling issues related to officer suicide and establishing strategies that helps to officers to emotionally, mentally and physically operate in safe environment.
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Major Tenets Of The President’s Task Force
The major tenets of the president’s task force included:
- Evaluate the strategies of fostering strong collaborative relationships between local law enforcement and the communities they protect.
- Make the recommendation to the president on ways policing practice can promote effective crime reduction while building public trust.
Despite the fact the basic principle is equality under the law, many youth especially those from African Community feels that they are being targeted by the law enforcers The task force accomplished their mission by convening seven listening sessions to hear testimony. Each session involved the discussion of each pillar and the seventh session involved the drafting of the recommendation. Public hearing was crucial because the task force got the opportunity to interact directly with communities and police departments hence listening to first hand information. Each of the session brought witnesses from various police forces, civil right organization, academia and from the law.
Some of the recommendation that were made to modernize U.S. Law enforcement include:
- The law enforcement culture should embrace a guardian mindset to build public trust and legitimacy.
- Law enforcement agencies should acknowledge the role of policing in past and present injustice and discrimination as well as how it is a hurdle to the promotion of community trust.
- Law enforcement agencies should establish a culture of transparency and accountability in order to build public trust and legitimacy
- Law enforcement agencies should promote legitimacy internally within the organization by applying the principles of procedural justice.
- Law enforcement agencies should proactively promote public trust by initiating positive non-enforcement activities to engage communities.
- Law enforcement agencies should consider the potential damage to public trust when implementing crime fighting strategies.
- Law enforcement agencies should build relationships based on trust with immigrant communities.
How The Pillars of Justice Serve to Promote Trust and Ensure Legitimacy
- Pillar of justice promotes trust and ensure legitimacy based on four central principles:
- Treating people with dignity and respect
- Giving individuals ‘voice’ during encounters
- Being neutral and transparent in decision making
- Conveying trustworthy motives
Internal Aspect of Procedural Justice
- This concerns with the internal practices that needs to be implemented within the agency.
- The officers should conduct themselves within the organization in manner that promotes cohesiveness within the agency.
- Analysis have indicated that the officers that voluntarily comply with decisions, understand the decisions and accept the departmental policies tend to win respect from their superiors and colleagues
- This means that police officer should embrace the culture team work and respect within the agency before extending these services to the external.
External Aspect of Procedural Justice
- This involves the interaction by other legal authorities with communities and law enforcement in order to shape the public trust of the police.
- This aspect is very important in the sense that the behavior portrait by the police officers outside is very important because it shapes how the public sees them.
- For example, an explicit bias is a conscious bias about sexual orientations, socioeconomic status, gender, certain populations and races negatively affect the image of the police.