Quadrennial Homeland Security Review Policy Statement Instructions
In your capacity as an EM Planner, you have impressed the Director of County Emergency Management with your knowledge of existing federal policy and doctrine. You recognize that at the county level, operators often focus on operations, tactics and skills sets. But you’ve also learned through your education that strategic plans and frameworks can be essential for laying the foundation and provide a baseline from which plans et al. can be drawn. The strategic framework that is provided in the quadrennial homeland security review (QHSR) presents a common focus as well for every community, to help align the goals and objectives of entities at all governmental levels, in all sectors, and including individuals or collectives of citizens and groups.
The quadrennial homeland security review also serves to present users with a better understanding of concepts that were never previously well-defined, including that of homeland security. Essential principles, priorities, and vision are incorporated, reflected the basic components of a solid strategy. Remembering that strategy is broad, conceptual, and in this case the means for providing a framework, it should not be confused, nor used for specific procedures, prioritization, nor any thorough understanding of a given organization’s (other than DHS) roles and responsibilities.
For this unit’s individual project, you will read the entire quadrennial homeland security review. After reading the QHSR, choose two of the five missions that are discussed within it to examine and apply to your community. Pay close attention to the goals that are subordinate to each mission as well. (You would normally apply all five missions, but in this case, time and space are limitations.)
After reading the QHSR, you will draft a policy statement for it. Note that a policy statement is intended to reflect the evaluation of a policy’s relevance or applicability for specific usage. In this case, you will craft a policy statement revealing your evaluation of the QHSR and its value for guiding the county in preparing emergency response plans. Your policy statement will serve to educate members of your county’s EM team and also provide a means for you to offer specific recommendations relating to those portions of the quadrennial homeland security review that you consider most meritorious for the county’s consideration.
In a 5–7 page policy statement, you will do the following:
- Provide a brief review of the purpose of the quadrennial homeland security review and your assessment as to its potential value for the county as it rewrites old plans and develops new ones.
- As you have a page limitation, this assessment should not exceed one full page.
- Consider and capture, in your own words, a definition and the usefulness of various terms in the quadrennial homeland security review, including homeland security, preparedness, and homeland security enterprise. Add other terms as you deem necessary.
- Tie these terms to other strategies, frameworks, policies with which you are familiar, or which you studied in this course.
- The National Response Framework (NRF) and National Incident Management System (NIMS) are two strategic documents that you might use.
- Select two of the five missions—and each one’s listed goals—that are outlined in the QHSR that you will advise your county to begin with, aiding the team members to become educated about the strategic framework and its many elements and making connections from strategy to local community operational use. In choosing which missions you select, you might contemplate some of the following components:
- Mission 1: Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security
- This mission is very expansive, as is each subordinate goal
- Think about whether terrorism is a truly likely threat—of course terrorism can occur everywhere, but limited resources compel communities to allocate these judiciously with maximum benefit for least cost
- Think about the likelihood of weapons of mass destruction, or chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (CBRN) capabilities being used in your county
- Mission 2: Securing and Managing Our Borders
- Consider whether your county is reasonably concerned with border issues
- Does your county include ports (air, sea, rail, or land)?
- What prevalence is there of transnational criminal activity?
- Mission 3: Enforcing and Administering Our Immigration Laws
- Is immigration a concern for your county or state? Could it be in the future?
- Which population seems the greatest concern, if any?
- Mission 4: Safeguarding and Securing Cyberspace
- Cyber threats exist for all critical infrastructure and operations that support communities.
- This may be especially critical if information technology is an industry in your region.
- Mission 5: Ensuring Resilience to Disasters
- If your county has any likely natural (or manmade or accidental) threats or vulnerabilities, this mission can readily be tied to the county’s needs and objectives
- Choose your two missions and summarize each one and its goals briefly in your policy statement.
- For each mission, make clear and direct connections to the missions and goals and the county’s needs, objectives or capabilities.
- Needs could include threats, hazards, or vulnerabilities as you assess them.
- You will not need to have first-person or source information to provide details related to the County—you may use your own critical analysis skills and determine what these might be (For example, flooding is unlikely if the county is primarily composed of drought-prone plains.)
- Do not exceed seven pages for the body of your paper. Use your own words to make these summaries to the greatest extent possible—but if you lift any material directly from the QHSR, make certain to properly reference it. Do not make your product an opinion piece. While it is based on your perspectives, write affirmatively, using a professional and official tone and language. The words I, our, we, you, (and the like) should not appear anywhere.
Quadrennial Homeland Security Review Policy Statement – Sample Paper
Securing the borders is an important task that the county needs to consider though it has not greatly dealt with the security problem facing the country. Texas borders Mexico a country that borders the United States. Mexico is associated with a lot of crimes that usually affects the people in Texas (Guerette & Clarke, 2005). The gangs from Mexico form groups in Texas that provide a hard time to the Texan government and its constituents. Therefore being on the border requires various measures to be executed to ensure security is maximized and that no more gangs gain entry into the country. Various measures can help in handling border security and ensure that any leaks in the borders are dealt with to prevent any mishaps affect that may eventually affect the state.
Cross Country Involvement
The two countries and the Texan county should be greatly involved in various meetings that will help deal with various criminal gangs. Homeland Security should ensure that it call on the Mexican government and law enforcement agencies in Mexico to help them deal with the increasing crime rate in Texas (Longmire, M & Longmire, S., 2008). The cooperation will help the government identify the various tactics that the criminals use and help homeland security to be more effective in finding criminal gangs in Texas. Such criminal groupings eventual move to other states posing problems eventually to the whole country and, therefore, dealing with the root of the problem.
Increasing of Security Checks and Border Patrols
Increasing the workforce at the border is important for the safeguarding of the border. The main issue in increasing security is to ensure that no one accesses Texas illegally especially focusing on criminals from Mexico who are operating in Texas to a small extent. Since Texas County borders, Mexico security should be beefed when compared to other states. The increasing criminal activity associated with the gangs affects the security of Texas, and the killings paint a negative picture on the security agencies. Texas as a county has not much concern for the border about the large numbers of gangs in the county who are a security risk to the constituents of Texas. The ports into Texas are the entry points that form the border points bordering Mexico. Entry points are through land and air.
The legislation is needed in place to support the inclusion of more police officers on the border. This will help in ensuring that the border is secure especially by creating legislation that increases police on the border and helps to ensure that a lot of tools are used especially those that are related to technology including cameras and computers. Technology has proved to capture various things that people would not note and, therefore, using them at the border would increase efficiency in securing it. The legislation would, in dealing with transnational activity involving crime, help greatly in combating crime especially international crime since Mexico is known for the many drug and crime cartels that operate internationally.
Security is a central concern to the county, and, therefore, it should be considered and taken with a great necessity to ensure that no criminals or illegal entries are made into the county. The national government should improve border security in counties that border other counties like Mexico. Texas should, therefore, be considered in being given additional assistance to increase security, and since Mexico has various criminal cartels, the government should focus on providing financial assistance to ensure that the various tools are obtained. Therefore, it is important that the county consider the border issues, and the various ports into the county have loopholes. The loopholes like illegal entry especially involving criminals should be sealed to prevent crime in Texas and in general to America.
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