Quantitative Research Article Summary – The Long-term Consequences of Parental Divorce for Children’s Attainment of Education
Bernardi & Radl authored the article and was subsequently published in the journal article of Demographic Research in 2014. The selection of this article was based on its quantitative design of quasi-experimental. The summary of the research model that this journal article employed can be found on page 1659. This journal article is a good example of quasi-experimental design owing to the fact that although the study conducted a comparison of various countries, there was no effort made to collect primary data through random sampling of the study groups. Additionally, this article employed experiment in its study since the groups were investigated without randomization.
The problem statement that this article was designed to investigate was the impact that divorce has on the attainment of the tertiary education by the children. Additionally, the other secondary problem was whether the society had any part to play in the parental break up.
The main purpose of this research article was to investigate the impact of the divorce on the attainment of tertiary education by the affected children. The other purpose of the research article was to find the extent to which the society had a role to play in the parental divorce.
Research Questions/ Hypothesis
This research article developed one main research question that was used to develop the research hypotheses for the study. The study employed the following research question:
- Does parental separation have any harmful consequences for the attainment of education by children with highly educated parents than those of children with less educated parents?
From above main research question, the researchers developed four research hypotheses. The following are the four research hypotheses that were developed, (Bernardi & Radl, 2014).
H1: Divorce among the highly educated parents has more terse consequences on the achievement of post-secondary education by their children than in the children whose parents’ posses less educational levels.
H2: Children whose parents were less educated did not experience any significant impact of their parents’ divorce, on their education.
H3: Stratified educational systems offer the greatest consequences for attainment of post-secondary education for divorce.
H4: In the societies in which there is a lot of divorce, those children whose parents divorce, are less affected.
The study employed surveys of the Generations and Surveys that covered 14 countries, in collecting its data. Data was collected between 2003-2008, and owing to variation in divorce over countries; the study used hierarchical designs and a total sample population of 83,048, aged 25 years and above was used, (Bernardi & Radl, 2014).
The study found that divorce negatively affects the attainment of tertiary education by the affected children. The study further found out that in the 14 countries studied, those children whose parents separated achieved a university degree but their grades were seven percent lower compared to those of children whose parents were not separated. The other finding was that the penalty for tertiary education was high for the parents who had higher education, compared to the ones with less education.
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